DISCOVERY AND SCIENTIFIC RECOGNITION
THE BOSNIAN VALLEY OF THE PYRAMIDS
I first came to the town of Visoko, 25 km northwest
from the Bosnian capital city of Sarajevo, in April
2005. My intention was to visit local Museum, but
what caught my attention was the regular look of the
hill towering the town. This hill, called Visocica,
had four sides, they were triangular and as per
compass the sides were oriented toward the cardinal
points (North-South, East-West). Based on my
experience with hundreds of pyramids in the World
that I visited (Egypt, China, Peru...) orientation
is important element in pyramid construction.
Regular geometry and orientation were enough for me
to conclude that under the layer of soil and
vegetation man-made structure was hidden. I climbed
to the top
and I saw another hill completely covered
by forest, but three triangular faces and
orientation toward the cardinal points were present,
as well. Those two hills I
named Bosnian Pyramid of
the Sun and Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon. I started
preliminary geological surveys and archaeological
probes the same year. I wrote
the book about the
discovery of the first European pyramids and
announced the news to the press by the end of
October of 2005.
Photo 1: Bosnian Pyramid of
the Sun, Visoko,
Bosnia-Herzegovina, with it’s height
of 220 meters
is the tallest pyramidal structure of the ancient
report on the rectangular
BOSNIAN VALLEY OF THE PYRAMIDS
Due to the enormous interest of the public I decided to
establish non-profit “Archaeological Park: Bosnian
Pyramid of the Sun” Foundation for further
geo-archaeological investigation. The five-year
comprehensive geo-archaeological research
(2005-2010) points to the existence of huge
construction complex in
Visoko Valley. This complex
was named the Bosnian Valley of the Pyramids and
included the following structures:
Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun (former “Visocica
Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon (former “Pljesevica
Pyramid of the Bosnian Dragon (former “Buci
Temple of Earth (former “Krstac Hill”)
Bosnian Pyramid of Love (former “Cemerac Hill”)
Tumulus in Vratnica (former “Toprakalija Hill” in
Structure “Dolovi” (Vratnica)
Underground tunnel complex “Ravne” (entrance to
the tunnel 2.9 km from the Bosnian Pyramid of the
Underground tunnel network “KTK” (entrance to the
tunnel 1 km from
the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun)
Satellite imaging of the local area in the central part of
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Landsat, Radarsat, Hyperion,
Ikonos, courtesy of Dr. Amer Smailbegovic),
indicated that there are five hills which show
apparent geospatial anomalies where two or more
sides are triangular. All of the aforementioned
hills exhibit triangular sides and some have
elements of stairs and step features on the sides
with flat plateaus on the top. In the case of the
Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun, three out of four sides
exhibit evidence of geometric features. Geologic
evidence is not indicative of any significant
faulting or the processes of the glaciations in the
area that would otherwise affect the existence,
geometry and texture of these sides.
The measurements made by the Geodetic Institute of Bosnia
and Herzegovina indicate that the sides of the
Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun are exactly aligned with
the cardinal sides of the world (North-South,
East-West). The North side is oriented towards
stellar North (like the Great Pyramid of Egypt), in
parallel with the position of the North Star.
The results of the thermal inertia obtained from ASTER thermal
detector (resolution 60m) suggest that the observed
targets may be comprised of less consolidated
material and tend to “cool faster” respective to
their surroundings (presumed denser). The findings
would be consistent with initial field observations
noted in the Preliminary Geological Report of 2005,
and also recent excavations on site. The results
appear consistent with what would be expected from
an artificial structure – lesser density materials,
porosity, internal cavities/chambers, hallways etc.
all contribute to an increased heat loss.
Photo 2: Apparent Thermal
Inertia (Courtesy of Dr. Amer Smailbegovic).
The elevation that is shown on this high resolution
interval contour map indicates an even overall slope
and a stair-step design, observable on the sides of
the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun.
Photo 3: 3-D geodetic contour interval map of the
Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun
(Courtesy: Geodetic Institute of
Photo 4: 3-D Contour map of the Bosnian Pyramid of
(Courtesy of Geodetic Institute of
The existence of these artificial structures is also
reinforced by numerous statements of the military
personnel stationed on the Pyramid itself and
subjected to heavy shelling. They have reported
unusual ground vibrations, echoing and ground
movement whenever the mound was hit by the artillery
fire during the war operations in Bosnia 1992-95.
This acoustic evidence suggests that
cavities/chambers indeed exist within the structure.
During winter 2006/2007, two independent teams of
geo-radar experts from Germany (LGA Bautechnick GMBH
with Dr. Andreas Hasenstab as a team leader) and
Serbia (Institute for Geophysics from University of
Belgrade with Dr. Dejan Vuckovic as a head of the
research), concluded that a total of 44 anomalies
were found in the Bosnian Valley of the Pyramids and
included terraces, steps, shaped stone structures,
Photo 5: Geo-radar experts from German company LGA
Bautechnick GMBH confirmed 44 anomalies - man-made
structures within 18 meters in depth throughout
Bosnian Valley of the Pyramids.
Photo 6: German geo-radar equipment shows possible
the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun.
Three main pyramids in the Bosnian Pyramid Valley
(Sun, Moon, Dragon) form an equilateral triangle.
The Cadastral Office from the Town of Visoko
performed GPS measurements of the pyramids and
determined that all angles are symmetric (60
degrees). Their measurements show that the distances
among all three pyramids are the same – 2.170 m.
with less than 2% error, verifying the planned
approach of the builders.
Photo 7: Topographic chart (1:24.000)
shows Bosnian pyramid of the Sun, Bosnian Pyramid of
the Moon and Pyramid of the Bosnian Dragon forming
an equilateral triangle (Courtesy of Cadastral
Office, Municipality of Visoko).
The “Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the
Sun” Foundation has spent over 320.000 working hours
on archaeological excavation, sample testing and
radiocarbon dating. Excava. This fact alone made
this project the largest archaeological project in
BOSNIAN PYRAMID OF THE SUN
The Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun is completely covered
by soil and vegetation. During the 1950s and 1960s,
local government organized tree planting activities.
Trees managed to grow only on the bottom half of the
Thickness of the soil on Western, Northern and
Eastern side of the Pyramid varies from the top (20
cm) to the bottom (1.5 meter). This is due to the
erosion. The Southern side, which seams to be
damaged, has a soil layer of 3-6 meters. That is the
reason why this side has lost its regularity.
Physical material evidence of shaped and well
preserved stone monoliths were unearthed during the
ongoing geo-archaeological campaign in 2006-2010.
Photo 8: Excavation probes at the Bosnian Pyramid of
Photo 9: Stone monoliths on the Northern side of the
Bosnian pyramid of the Sun – superstructure of the
pyramid - outer facing of the pyramid.
Samples of the stone blocks were analysed in four domestic
Bosnian scientific institutions (Institute for Civil
Engineering in Tuzla, Institute for materials at the
University of Zenica, Geoprojekt Company from Tuzla
and Institute for Construction and Materials at the
University of Sarajevo) and two institutes from
Western Europe: “Politecnico di Torino from Italy
and Institute for Geopolymers from France. Hardness
of over 100 MPs and presence of the calcium
carbonate and magnesium carbonate point into the
direction of ancient synthetic material – first
concrete! According to Prof. Muhamed Pasic from
University of Zenica “moderately baked clay crushed
with water possesses binding properties”. It has
been the basis for Roman cement as well.
Photo 10: Concrete blocks stowed one on top of
another. Four rows of blocks (40-45 cm thick) are
followed by clay layer (45 cm) and another two rows
Photo 11: Concrete blocks form the same slope in all
Photo 12: North-East corner of the Pyramid clearly
shows construction properties.
Photo 13: Causeway that leads to the top of the
Bosnian pyramid of the Sun is paved by the sandstone
plates; pyramid is built from entirely different
materials. Aerial photo shows corners between West
and North, and North and East. Top of the Pyramid is
flat like pyramids in China, Mexico or Egypt.
BOSNIAN PYRAMID OF THE MOON
With its height of 190 meters, Bosnian Pyramid of
the Moon is the world's second largest: next to the
Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun (220 meters) and higher
than Khufu's Great Pyramid of Egypt (148 meters). It
is a three-sided pyramid with the plateau coming
from the East, leading to the top of the structure.
Other sides (North, West, South) match the cardinal
points. For the construction of this pyramid,
sandstone plates and tiles were used together with
the clay as a constructive material.
Photo 14: Shadow of the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun
form the parallel “pyramid” next to the Bosnian
pyramid of the Moon on a day of summer solstice
(June 21st) just before the sunset.
Photo 15: Shadow of the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun
completely covers Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon just
before the sunset on August 20th.
Photo 16: Archaeological field work on the Bosnian
Pyramid of the Moon shows that under layers of soil
and wood exists a huge stone/clay structure -
three-sided “terraced” pyramid.
Photo 17: Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon, discovery of
the vertical wall, one meter deep, built from
Photo 18: Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon, discovery of
the rectangular structure in 2006, approx. 3x2
meters, built from sandstone plates.
According to Professor Muhamed Pasic of University
of Zenica (Institute for Materials), who was heading
a 3-year long lab testing of 100 samples from the
Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon “… sandstone plates on
Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon are homogenous
formations from silicate origin materials - quartz
sand and from calcium-magnesium carbonates with
total content of about 84 mass %, while other
components are ferrous, potassium, sodium and
titanium oxides. At this grade of natural silicate
materials with density 2.6 g/cm3, it is proven that
its volume mass increases into direction of
sedimentation and that in the same direction,
decrease its porosity, as well as waterproof
properties and that increases strength properties.”
He concluded: “We have opposite trend on excavated
mosaics on the plateau and on Pyramid foothill. Such
geological anomaly confirms statement that mosaics
are formed by composition of splitting and shaping
plates extracted from different depths of quarry.”
Photo 19: Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon,
archaeological probe # 20, 120 meters from the
bottom: rectangular sandstone plates compose one of
the terraces at the Western slope.
Photo 20: Shaped sandstone plates, stowed on top of
each other, discovered one meter deep at the Bosnian
Pyramid of the Moon.
Photo 21: Shaped sandstone tiles discovered one
meter deep on Western slope of the Bosnian Pyramid
of the Moon; sandstone is common construction
material in Bosnia used today.
Photo 22: Paved terrace close to the top of the
Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon, Eastern causeway;
sandstone plates are stowed in several rows.
Photo 23: Section of the Causeway that leads to the
top of the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon shows rows of
sandstone plates with layers of clay in between them
(probably served as the insulation, adhesive and
Photo 24: Terrace on Western side of the Bosnian
Pyramid of the Moon – it was uncovered under one
meter of soil and clay; it shows slope climbing up
of 8 degrees from North to South direction; also,
there is another slope of 8 degrees going down in
NETWORK OF UNDERGROUND TUNNELS
Numerous field findings suggest that an extensive
tunnel network exists in the Bosnian Valley of the
Pyramids. It is hypothesized by Principal
investigator dr. Semir Sam Osmanagich that the
tunnel system connects all of the colossal objects,
water wells and other structures of importance. The
current excavations in progress have already
presented with findings of several shaped monoliths
in the tunnels. Hundreds of meters of tunnels have
been secured by wooden support. The tunnels were
definitively not the mining shafts as no tools,
coal, silver, gold or any other worthy material were
Photo 25: Underground tunnel “Ravne” is built in
Photo 26: Distance from the tunnel entrance to the
Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun is 2.9 km (NW-SE
direction). Work is focused on cleaning and securing
the main tunnel by the wooden support.
Photo 27: During the process of cleaning, a lot of
side tunnels were discovered. Side tunnels lay at 90
degrees to the main tunnel. All of them are blocked
with drywalls and fill-in material brought from the
Photo 28: Drywall detail in underground tunnel
complex “Ravne”. No connective material has been
used. Stones are rounded, typical for river beds.
Photo 29: Apparent shaped sandstone monolith found
at the 160th meter of the underground
tunnel in Ravne, under a thick layer of conglomerate
and sand indicating its fairly old age of
emplacement. The weight of the monolith is presumed
to be over 7 metric tones.
Photo 30: Potential ancient inscriptions found on
sandstone monolith “K-1” in the underground tunnel
Photo 31: Carved symbols on the surface of monolith
discovered after removal of conglomerate.
Photo 32: Discovery of the monolith “K-2” under the
at 175th meter from the entrance.
Photo 33: Monolith “K-2” completely cleaned in
August 2008; it’s sitting on top of sandstone plates
that make bedding for the monolith. There is a
cement material between the bedding and monolith.
It’s a clear proof that this location was picked up
by builders for some reason (ceremonial?) and
sandstone monolith was positioned here. Dowsers from
Italy claimed that 22 meters under the monolith,
exists a crossing of two underground water flows.
Photo 34: Discovery and cleaning of the debris in
the underground tunnel “KTK”;
October 2007 – February 2008. Tunnel was 3 meters
high and 2.5 meters wide.
Photo 35: “KTK” underground tunnel after cleaning;
total of 150 meters were cleaned and secured. Main
tunnel is located between two rivers (river Bosna
and river Fojnica) and goes in direction of the
Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun.
TUMULUS IN VRATNICA
Pyramid complexes in the world consist of the
pyramids, temples, step structures, underground
tunnels, etc. In a case of the Bosnian Valley of the
Pyramids, same building material is found in an area
of 40 sq. km.
Just 4 km from the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon, in a
village Vratnica, two mounds have been excavated:
“Toprakalija” and “Dolovi”. “Toprakalija” has a
conical shape and it reminds one of tumulus in
England. Two larger terraces have also been
uncovered on “Toprakalija” mound and they show the
presence of the same textured plates and blocks as
on the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon, but larger in
Photo 36: “Toprakalija” mound in Vratnica, rounded
shape like in a case of tumulus in England.
Photo 37: Excavation on “Toprakalija” mound revealed
textured sandstone blocks and clay layers used as a
Photo 38: Sandstone blocks reach
the weight of over 20 tons; according to
the analysis, the blocks consist of two
layers: textured top layers, 8-10 cm
thickness, base thickness 50-55 cm.
Archaeological work is a slow process and requires a
lot of patience. Figuring out answers to five
questions: what, who, when, how and why may take
decades in the case of the Bosnian pyramid complex.
Certain important artifacts have been found at the
different locations in Visoko valley. In the years
to come, more will be discovered and we will get
closer to the answers of this mysterious complex
that is changing our understanding of the world
Photo 39: Fragments of the stone circle -
(ceremonial table, wheel, part of the column?)
discovered in “KTK” tunnel in 2007.
Photo 40: Sandstone plate with carved symbols
underground tunnel “Ravne” in 2008.
Photo 41: Sandstone foot, follows the anatomy of
human foot, matches shoe number 36, discovered on
the terrace at Tumulus in Vratnica; possible mold
served as unit for measurement or artistic
Photo 42: Stone “amulet”, discovered on the slope of
the Pyramid of the Bosnian Dragon, two types of
Photo 43: Sandstone plate with carved symbols and
lines, possible topography of the terrain -
discovered in 2006 at the Bosnian Pyramid of the
Photo 44: “Tool-making mold”, discovered in
underground tunnel complex “Ravne” in 2007.
Photo 45: Ceramic pyramid, discovered in the
vicinity of the Bosnian pyramids in village Mostre,
Visoko Municipality, by German archaeologists in
October 2008, ornaments are triangles, carved on the
walls of 4-sided pyramid with the flat top, age is
projected at 6.500 years.
BOSNIAN PYRAMID PROJECT- CHRONOLOGY 2005-2010
April 2005 – Discovery of the Bosnian Pyramid of
the Sun and Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon by Dr. sci.
Sam Semir Osmanagich during his visit to town of
Visoko in Central Bosnia. He claimed that man-made
structures were hidden under the soil and vegetation
in Visoko Valley.
August 2005 – Dr. Osmanagich hired local
contractor and geologist to perform preliminary
geological survey. First results show existence of
geological anomalies and paved sandstone plateau
August 2005 – Dr. Osmanagich discovered an
entrance to underground tunnel which locals called “
natural cave”. After first prospection, dr.
Osmanagich hypothesized that huge underground tunnel
network existed under the Bosnian Valley of the
Pyramids. That claim was later confirmed during the
excavation and cleaning process.
October 2005 – Dr. Osmanagich published the book
“Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun – Discovery of the First
European Pyramid” and announced to the World
existence of the Pyramids of Sun and Moon and
underground tunnel network at the press conference.
Local media (state news agency FENA, Daily Avaz, TV
stations) and world agencies (AP, France Press,
Reuters) sent the news out: first European and
biggest pyramids in the world have been discovered
in Bosnia. Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun with its
height of 220 meters and Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon
(190 meters) are much higher than the Great Pyramid
of Egypt (148 meters) or Pyramid of the Sun in
Teotihuacan in Mexico (74 meters).
October/November – First excavations on the
Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun run by dr. Osmanagich –
great interest and publicity, thousands of people
visiting the site
December – dr. Osmanagich established a
non-profit and non-government “Archaeological
Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun” Foundation
www.bosnianpyramidofthesun.com) for the
archaeological research and protection of cultural
Geo-Archaeological season lasted 200 days, from
April to November, and it was the biggest
archaeological project in the world. Foundation
employed 100 workers (experts and diggers) and
hundreds of volunteers who unearthed dozens of
sections on both Sun and Moon pyramid, exposing
shaped rectangular stone blocks and plates. Close to
250,000 visitors came to see the excavations of the
first European pyramids. Bosnian President, Prime
Minister, ministers, university professors and many
others extended their support.
Several local archaeologists who never visited
the site asked project to be stopped, claiming that
“it was impossible that pyramids existed in Bosnia”.
They seek and got the support from European
Archaeological Association led by Dr. Anthony
Harding, Dr. Predrag Novakovic and Dr. Blagoje
Govedarica who signed several petitions to the
Bosnian Government to halt the project in which they
claimed that Foundation is “damaging medieval
town”(?) Government formed the commission who
rejected the claims as untrue and false.
Perfect orientation of the triangular sides of
the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun (North, East-West)
was determined by the State Institute for Geodesy
from Sarajevo (Eng. Enver Buza). Northern side of
the Pyramid perfectly matches the location of the
Northern Star (error 12 seconds only, Great Pyramid
of Egypt has an error of 2 minutes).
Existence of three more pyramidal “hills” through
the satellite imaging (later named by dr. Osmanagich
as a Pyramid of the Bosnian Dragon, Temple of Earth
and Bosnian Pyramid of Love) by geophysicist Dr.
Amer Smailbegovic. He confirmed his findings by
satellite thermal analysis (“quick heat loss”) and
satellite radar analysis (passageways within the
Northern side of the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun).
Municipal Department for Urban Planning in Visoko
(Eng. Emir Bukurevic) confirmed that three pyramids
(Sun, Moon and Dragon), when their tops are
connected by line, form an equilateral triangle with
inner angles at 60 degrees and distance of 2.1 km
(error +/- 2%)
Biologist Dr. Sulejman Redzic of University of
Sarajevo confirmed that Mediterranean plants are
found on the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun because of
higher temperature (5 degrees) – due to the hollow
nature of the pyramid (existence of tunnels, inner
Pedologist Dr. Husnija Resulovic of University of
Sarajevo confirmed that lab analysis show that soil
that cover the pyramid was over 12.000 years old
(all scientific reports at:
Institute for Civil Engineering from Tuzla (run
by Mr. Sci. Selim Beslagic) analyzed samples from
the conglomerate blocks from the Bosnian Pyramid of
the Sun and concluded that they are with superior
concrete-like properties; samples of the sandstone
plates from the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon are of
excellent quality as well; in both cases they were
used as a construction material to build the
Egyptian geologist Dr. Aly Barakat, who came
through the Egyptian Government to give his opinion
about the site, after 42 days he spent in Bosnia,
announced at the press conference in June that
Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun is the combination of
natural and anthropogenic forces – man has shaped
existing hill to the geometry of pyramid, with four
triangular sides and later coated with stone blocks.
He called it first “primitive pyramid”.
Egyptologists Lammia El Hadidi and Dr. Muhamed
Ibrahim Aly, after visiting the site, confirmed the
artificiality of archaeological sites in Bosnia
later that year.
Two entrances to the underground tunnels were
discovered. Tunnels were flooded in distant past;
clean up work started. For safety reasons the wooden
support has been installed. Very soon it became
obvious that the tunnels are built in pre-historical
times. Lot of side tunnels and intersections,
drywalls, megalithic blocks and carvings were
Team of four Egyptian experts officially (thru
Egyptian Government) came to investigate project:
Dr. Nabil Swelim (archaeologist and Egyptologist,
discoverer of four pyramids in Egypt), Dr. Aly
Barakat (geologist), Dr. Mona Fouad Ali
(archaeologist from Cairo University) and Dr.
Soliman Hamid (archaeologist from Cairo University).
Conclusion after 15-day visit, which was announced
publicly, was that the “Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun
is the biggest pyramid in the world”.
Tumulus has been discovered in the vicinity of
the pyramids with 20-ton stone blocks.
Bosnian scientist Dr. Mohamed Pasic of University
of Zenica completed lab testing on several dozens of
block and plate samples from the pyramids and
concluded that they were artificially cut,
transported and installed into the Bosnian Pyramid
of the Moon.
Croatian scientist Dr. Ivan Simatovic performed
geometrical analysis of the Bosnian Pyramid of the
Sun proving its artificiality
Several analysis (Gabor Szakacs of Hungary, Dr.
Muris Osmanagic of Bosnia and Paolo Stekel of
Brazil) claim that carvings on megalithic blocks in
the underground tunnels have similarity with the
oldest European writings – Runic and Glozelian
Team from the Schmidt Institute (dr. Oleg
Khavroshkin and dr. Vladislav Tsyplakov) from the
Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (Moscow)
performed screening of seismic fields of the Bosnian
pyramids and concluded that the results could be
compared to Egyptian pyramids from Giza and they
were showing the results of the artificial
structures; seismic screening confirmed existence of
the underground tunnels under the Bosnian Pyramid of
German leading geophysicists from LGA Bautechnik
Institute with Dr. Andreas Hasenstab performed
geo-radar screening of the Bosnian Valley of the
Pyramids finding 44 anomalies (underground
passageways, paved areas, layers of stone blocks,
Organic material (piece of wood) was found in
conglomerate material that covered megalithic block
in the tunnel. Sample was radiocarbon tested in Kiel
Lab in Germany (31,000 years old) and Gliwice Lab in
Poland (34,000 years old). Shocking results warned
that advanced human activities were present in
central Bosnia at the same time like ingenious cave
paintings in Spain and France (32,000 years ago).
Physicist Dr. Anna Pazdur of Poland’s Silesian
University announced the news at the Press
Conference in Sarajevo in August of 2008
Number of archaeological artifacts has been found
during the four years of excavations. Further
cleaning in the underground tunnels confirmed huge
artificial network from the pre-historical times.
Samples of core drilling from the Bosnian Pyramid
of the Sun and Vratnica tumulus have shown
properties of the best quality concrete (analysis by
Institute for Materials of the University of Zenica,
Bosnia and Institute for Civil Engineering of the
University of Sarajevo, Bosnia)
Institute for Materials and Construction, University
of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, July 2008, dr. Azra
Kurtovic, “hardness of the sample is 74 Mpa, water
absorption 1,1% (modern concrete 3%), CaO 39,20%,
sample shows the properties of the concrete”
First International Scientific Conference about
the Bosnian Valley of the Pyramids was held in
Sarajevo on August 25-30, 2008. More than 50 experts
from Egypt (20 leading archaeologists, geologists
and Egyptologists,), China, Saudi Arabia, Russia,
Poland, Croatia, UK, Austria, Bosnia and Montenegro
concluded/recommended: (1) that the Bosnian Valley
of the Pyramids is “very important archaeological
locations which require further multidisciplinary
research,” (2) that “Second Scientific Conference is
to be held in two years that should getter pyramid
specialists from all over the world,” (3) “Center
for Pyramid Studies is to be established in
Sarajevo” and recommended (4) that “archaeological
course at the graduate level is to be established in
Bosnian universities as a support for the Bosnian
Valley of the Pyramids project.”
Professor of classical archaeology from the
University of Alexandria Dr. Mona Haggag called this
discovery “writing new pages in European and World
Director of Institute for Geopolymers from France
prof.dr. Joseph Davidovits performed electronic
microscopic analysis on sample from the tumulus
foundation and concluded that it was “cemented
concrete material of artificial origin”.
Two more samples of organic material were
discovered in underground tunnel “Ravne”. University
of Upsala from Sweden determined age of 3.091 years
for the first sample and Silesian University of
Technology from Gliwice, Poland confirmed the age of
4.540 years for the second sample. This proved the
ancient activities in the underground labyrinth.
Politecnico di Torino, Department for Chemistry,
Italy, December 2009, “Binding material for the
concrete was produced by clay heating process at
high temperatures (caolinit, muscovite) and
limestone (dolomite i calcite), and that
technological process transformed them to the
Institute for Physics “Rudjer Boskovic”, Zagreb,
Croatia, February 2010, Roentgen diffraction
analysis and phased analysis: “Sample from the
megalith K-2 is an artificial ceramic material
(quartz, calcite, muscovite
“Dr. Beton” Company, Zagreb, Croatia, April 2010,
Radar tomography on megalithic blocks, Megalith K-2
was made in two layers (base+cover); there is an
unknown “object” inside the megalith.
Word File -